Week(6):A summary of what I have learned from the task of week-6- (Taking and Sharing Pictures)

April 14, 2008

Dear All,

Hello to the final step of week (6). As for me I am hardly catching my breath. In fact I feel as if I am coming from a battle. The assignment was exhosting and I am realy afraid to have a reviewing look to my work and to see how many mistakes and errors I have committed.

Well, after all it is good to see that I have managed to learn a lot of things that didn’t come across my mind before like photograpging, uploading and sharing pictures. In fact, I watched even the process of Accbrush (painting) and tried to memorize every step of this career in order to apply it on my walls and doors.

To begine with photographing, It was the hardest task for me.  In fact I spent almost half of the assignment time on the process of learning how to photograph, the other half was almost spent on the process of learning about picture’s taging, categorizing, descripnig and mainly licensing.               I was about to give up in the last step (licensing).

I have enjoyed reading the photograhing tips like the rule of thirds, working with the horizontal, vertical and diagonal lines, capturing the right angle, filling the frame,etc. But applying these step was something else.

On the other hand I needed a lot of patience to learn about meeting and achieving the required  standard of quality image and featured image on commons, as well as how an image is nominated by commoners to become a featured image after meeting ceratain standards like the question of  size, coloure, exposure, noise, depth of field. etc.

After that, it became easier to me to learn about dealing with programs like( Adop photoshope) and manage pictures as to edit them, add touch, balance, saturation,etc. 

Similarly, I didn’t find real difficulty in dealing with the program of (Paint) after I have got familiar with its tools ( the use of buttons, system requirements, framework,etc.) and the method of applying them.

Coming to (Flickr), I liked this site more than any other site, yet uploading an image file was somehow hard for me with regard to image taging, describing, categorizing and especially adding license. Yet,   I learned and enjoyed downloading my pictures to Flickr, sharing them and creating my own Album.

I have chosen to download the picture of ruins in Palmyra which is the most wonderful ruin site in Syris and which is related to my own home town (Homs), as well as the picture of an old open bathing place in Old Damascus which is exactly the same as in my town (Old Homs). I wish I could give         an idea about Syria ruins and old places as I know that most people like to learn about  such an old places like Palmyra which stands unique in its history with ita famous Roman places and walls, as well as watching its distinctive camels. Old Arabic houses, old markets, old places like the open bathing rooms worth also, in my opinion, stoping at them.

Finally, when I have had to download them to Wikimedia Commons, I faced the problem of giving them Creative Commons license and I had to read alot about Creative Commons licensing tips and commit alot of downloading mistakes before I manage to use these tips and add a license. I have learned also something very important in this site: never, never think to violate copyright and licensing.

I feel better now as I realize that I have learned something I didn’t think I can do before visiting these sites.

Thanks

Week 6 -: Taking and Sharing Pictures

April 10, 2008

Hello to the world of images and Beauty where a picture says a thousand words 

we have fourteen Composition Tips,Digital Photography Tips and composition tips. We learn also        about exposure triangle and most important thing is how to photograph almost all kinds of subjects. moving to the Commons:Image guidelines we learn about quality images and images guid lines. So,quality images must be the work of Commons contribution and quality image candidates should meet certain requirements. In brief, quality images have to be uploaded to commons by copyright holder under suitable license, must be categorized, have meaningful title and description, as well as the scientific names and no signatures  in image.

As to the quality and featured photographic images, we have certain tips concerning the standard photograpghs. The list includes Image size-JPEG compression-Noise-Exposure-Color-Focus and Depth of Field-Motion Blur-Lighting-Editing-Composition-Distortions and finally Stitched images panoramas where we discuss the following questions: Height-Stitching-Lighting-Vignetting-Camera position-Image alignment and finally the question of Composition. For each qusetion in the above list the common problems are discussed and guide lines as well as solutions are suggested.

 How to edit your digital photos.We have alot of free software located on the Adope Photoshop Express,Gimp,Paint.Net,Picasa and Seashore.I have learned through “Adope Photoshop” how to upload image files, creat an album, edit and share my photos with my friends.Moreover, I have learned how to add to my photos and enjoy my creativity.As for the “GIMP”, the site provides as much information about the GIMP community and related projects as possible. While the “Paint.Net”displays a live thumbnail of the image instead of a text description which makes navigation very simple and fast and uses layers to form the basis for a rich image composition experience.I think I will myself enjoy accubrushing my wall.

The most wonderful site Picasa help in the following :Locate and organise all the photos,Edit and add effects to my photos with a few simple clicks, Share my photos with others through email, prints and web through Google’s photo organiser.

The “Seashore” ,being free image editor for Mac, features gradients, textures and anti-aliasing for both text and brush strokes. It supports multiple layers and alpha channel editing. It is based around the GIMP’s technology and uses the same native file format.

However, unlike the GIMP, Seashore only aims to serve the basic image editing needs of most computer users, not to provide a replacement for professional image editing products.

How to share our photos under open licences, lets have a look at “Wikimedia commons” which discuses this question by categorising the content into main categories like (By Topic, By Location and by Licence) and subcategories like (Articles with permission confirmed, Copyrighted usable, Free licenses.etc)

As for the other site “Flickr”- a popular photo sharing site owned by Yahoo- only part of the images are under Creative Commons licenses. While ” CC Wiki – Featured Image Sites” – make use of  Creative Commons licenses and have  launched a series of projects designed to support and expand the public domain through two categories: Organization and Tools.

I wish that every one will enjoye this journey into the world which tries to capture beauty.

 

Week 5 -: Wikipedia and Wikimedia

April 3, 2008

Weeks are passing and we are introduced more and more to Wikis, so hello now as afriend of Wikis. To start with our topic, it is important to be introduced first to leading Wikipedia practitioners in the English, German, and Japanese: Angela Beesley, Elisabeth Bauer, and Kizu Naoko taking us in a journey to the world of  Wikipedia and telling us that they are elected as administrators after many steps of working hard on Wikipedia projects then moving to descripe in details how and why Wikipedia works. It is to create a free encyclopedia available to everyone in their own languageThis is the main goal in the three aspects of Wikipedia, but they provide an opinion that “The English Wikipedia strives to be the biggest one of the world;the German Wikipedia tries to be the best”.  Now how does it work. The English one is divided into many groups like readers,editors, administrators,policy makers and so on.In additition to that there are informal groups like the welcoming committee.In Japanese,there are proofreaders and reviewers in additition to the readers and editors. Then there are maintainers and administrators and a lot of contact people. Almost, the same thing is in German Wekipedia, added to that there are certain process to feature an article for a high-end authors. Regarding the path to administratorship, the procedures varies across Wikis starting with applying  a request to the English one while registering a vote to the Japanese one.  In the field of Business process, there are differenet procedures based on the type of page. These procedures are almost alike in the three Wikis. An interesting question is how a new Wikipedia policy is drafted?The answer is simply that the policy usually begins as a proposal,followed by a discussion, then becomes             a subject to approval. This is all great but there are typical conflicts the three Wikis run into and consequently certain processes are followed for resolving them like for example disagrement about the content of an article which is resolved like most conflicts by discussion among the involved people. coming now to a hot topic which is quality assurance which is approached in German from two points: from the bottom by deletting poor articles and from the top by encouraging high quality articles.In Japanese, most authors build a portal for their articls and envite editors to work on it. Challenges to Wikipedia are growing, the biggest one is maintaining the traditional wiki model of being openly editable in English in addition to many other in Japanese. The last question is to what extent Wikipedia’s inner working is accessible to researchers asserting the impact of the free culture and Wikimedia movements on educational resources through Kizu Naoko answering :we need to educate users and improve promotion to the offline world, as well as Angell Beesley’s: “Wikipedia’s content and working are completely accessible”. Kizu asserts also that the best way for a researcher to get started is to get in touch with the people at the Wikimedia Research network and join the research list. So, the main point in Wikimedia’s free movement and culture is the qustion of accessibility. The second article in this dicussion is the Hidden order of Wikipedia which is connected to the question of free culture and movement by making governance as its thriving aspect.The existence of vast number of policies and processes such as FA which are modified according to a set of collective-choice rules makes Wikimedia a facinating example of self governing institutions where everyone may participate in modifying the rules. Since Wikipedia’s records are persistent, public and easy available online, this is another technological element driving both the creation and guidlines. Moreover, the FA process directlty addresses quality assurance at the sam time that it is structured to allow complex coordination tasks to be broken into small independent modules. Being as such FAs ensure using peer-production mechanism which attributes more to the qustion of free educational resources, while supporting free culture through its self governance. Looking finaly into Wekipedia projects, the topic asserts that all MediaWiki softwares are free and accessible. Moreover, all contributions are licensed under the GNU free documentation licence except Wiki news, meaning that their content may be freely used,freely edited,freely copied and freely redistributed. Six projects are listed and identified including all the term “free”.So, we have free Wiki encyclopedia, free Wiki dictionare, free Wiki quote, free Wiki books. free Wiki sources, free Wikispecies, free Wikinews and free Wikiversity. These projects identify different parts of study and learning and cover all kinds of people and species. Thanks realy to Wikipedia as well as Wikimedia Noura Raslan

Week 4 – March 31st: Copyright and Alternatives

March 27, 2008

 Hello again

To start with Copyright, the article argues that it was invented in Britain as a reaction to printers’ monopolies at the beginning of the eighteenth century.The Statute of Anne in 1709 was the first real copyright act, and gave the author in the new nation of Britain rights for a fixed period, after which the copyright expired.

Authors, patrons, and owners of works throughout the ages have tried to direct and control how copies of such works could be used once disseminated to others.

 During its time, the Stationers’ Company developed a private system. Under this system, specific Guild members held monopoly rights in a particular work that were treated as being perpetual.Authors could not become members of the Guild and were not entitled to any royalties or additional payments after purchase.

England’s Statute of Anne (1710) is widely regarded as the first copyright law.This statute first accorded exclusive rights to authors (ie, creators) rather than publishers, and it included protections for consumers of printed work ensuring that publishers could not control their use after sale. It also limited the duration of such exclusive rights to 28 years, after which all works would pass into the public domain.

The Statute of Anne directly outlined a public copyright system that applied to the public in general. Second, the Statute recognized a copyright as originating in the author, rather than a Guild member. Lastly, it placed a time limitation on the monopoly enjoyed by holders of a copyright.

The Berne Convention of 1886 first established the recognition of a common copyright amongst several sovereign nations.As soon as the work is “fixed”, that is, written or recorded on some physical medium, its author is automatically granted exclusive rights to the distribution of the work and any derivative works unless and until the author explicitly disclaims them, or until the copyright expires.

The genesis of copyright can be seen as a process through which capitalist societies found a way to wed the printing press and the marketplace .

This commercial regulatory system, designed for the printing press, was successively expanded to include photography, phonography, film, broadcasting, photocopying and computer programs as those technologies became widespread. These expansions were at first controversial but over time became stable components of commerce in the relevant industries.

Moving now to Lawrence Lessig (Free culture). The author states in his presentation that there is no such thing as Fair Use, rather the term should be understood as unregular usage. According to Lessig once copyright is regulated by Technology and Law, then it wouldn’t be a crime to copy and free culture in order to become available to the public domain. We should built on the past in order to be creative. But, accoding to him we don’t do anything to free our culture from the monobolists. Consequently, we are destroying the process of creativity by leaving others imposing licenses on the process of copy.

Lastly, it is Towards a Global Learning Commons: ccLearn By Ahrash Bissell and Jamie Boyle. The assignment discusses that creative commons licenses are used on open educational resources to creat a commons of material that can be used by anyone without permission or fee.

Second, A type of computer program called free or open source software, constructed by a global army of programmers all working outside of a single formal organizational structure. Each piece of coding becomes part of a software “commons” which anyone can add to, modify, or redistribute without permission or fee.

Third, a vast network of free and open educational resources, routinely used, contributed to and customized by teachers and students from kindergarten through graduate school to lifelong learners.

The article dicusses also the barriers existed in the way of open educational resorces like the question of Time, Money, and Quality and tries to give solutions for these problems. It compares also between open educational resources like Wikipedia which gives full acess to learners and other resources which grant limited acess.

In the conclusion the article stresses on the goal of open education resources and  Global Educational Commons which is creativity and consequently the path to full Humanity which is the common idea between the three articles.

Thanks

Week 3 – : Philosophical Background- Some threads of thoughts behind the open educational resource movement

March 20, 2008

Hello all again

I will begin my assignment by discussing the age of Enlightenment.The term refers to the intellectual movement which advocated reason as the primary basis of authority. and         a number of scholars simply use the beginning of the eighteenth century as a default date.The Enlightenment period considered public education as a main tool of individual and collective emancipation. The era is marked by such political changes as governmental consolidation, nation-creation, greater rights for common people, and a decline in the influence of authoritarian institutions such as the nobility and Church.

Compared with the popular education the latter strongly relies on the democratic ideal of the Enlightenment. Following the split of the first International at the 1872 Hague Congress between the Anarchists and the Marxists, popular education remained an important part of the workers’movement.So, similar to the Enlightenment ideas,The popular education advocates learning for workers and peasants as part of their legitimate rights.As the Enlightenment represents the basis for modern ideas of Liberalism against superstition and intolerence, this indicates that it baved the way before the coming of popular education.

Folk high schools are institutions of adult education that do not grant academic degrees. They are common in the Nordic countries and in Germany. The concept was originally inspired by the Danish writer, poet, philosopher and pastor Nikolaj Frederik Severian Grundtvig (1783–1872), who was inspired in part by the Condorcet report during the 1789 French Revolution.This means that there is a similarity between this trend and the popular education as they both advocate free education and address public people.However, the difference remains in the fact that Folk high schools unlike Popular education are much closer to the institutions known as folkeuniversitet,meaning that they are connected to a regular universities. 

Coming now to The Public library, the term is similar to the popular education and folk high schools in that it is uccessible by  the puplic but it differ in that it is distincted from school or any other special educational education in that its mandate is to serve the public’s information needs generally (rather than serve a particular school, institution, or research population. It contain a wide range of tools and programmes for all ages and classes including children and infants.

The free software movement is a new social movement which aims to protect the rights of users to access and modify software.We can say that it is similar to the popular education and folks high schools in that it advocates the freedom of learning for all computer users, yet it differs in that it advocates Technology rather than ethics.

To conclude finally with Standing on the Shoulders of Giants the term is comparing the modern scholars of  12th century to the ancient scholars of Greece and Rome.It sums up the quality of the cathedral schools in the history of learning, and indeed characterizes the age which opened with Gerbert (950-1003) and Fulbert (960-1028) and closed in the first quarter of the 12th century with Peter Abelard. The term indicates that modernity and freedom makes dwarfs see further than giants because they are carried higher than them. So people need to be free in their thinking and giants in their learning like perhaps the cathedral schools with their lack of a well-rooted tradition and their freedom from a clearly defined routine of study. It is similar to the above trends of popular education, folk high schools and open libraries in its imposing the freedom of education but it differs in its concern with the past compared to the present.

wishing to meet your satisfaction

Thanks

Week 2 – March 10th: Introduction to LeMill and Wikiversity

March 13, 2008

Hello again

I made a tour to LeMill and Wikiversity and didn’t come back yet

Here is my information about this trip

Of course first of all I had to register in these sites so, I made my registration in LeMill and explored this vast area which contains a huge amount of information. I think that I am lost while I was exploring this site. Anyhow I managed to join LeMill Development group, as well as Wiki in Education and History of New Media. I remember also that I joined the Forum oh How to foster Open Education Resourses. But I didn’t know how to come back to this Forum. I remember also that I wrote something about History of New Media expressing my support for this group and edited added the content of open learning to my collection

I understand that LeMill encourages Open Education Resourses and I like that. But I was a little bit nervous because I needed a lot of time and Patience to acquire with this site and I didn’t finish yet as I have to explore the four parts of this site completely which are Content,Method,tools and community. I liked to be introduced to something new but I didn’t like to search randomly and rapidly to finish my job. I will finish my trip later after I submit this plog. 

Week 2 – March 10th: Introduction to LeMill and Wikiversity

March 13, 2008

Hello again

I made a tour to LeMill and Wikiversity and didn’t come back yet

Here is my information about this trip

Of course first of all I had to register in these sites so, I made my registration in LeMill and explored this vast area which contains a huge amount of information. I think that I am lost while I was exploring this site. Anyhow I managed to join LeMill Development group, as well as Wiki in Education and History of New Media. I remember also that I joined the Forum oh How to foster Open Education Resourses. But I didn’t know how to come back to this Forum. I remember also that I wrote something about History of New Media expressing my support for this group and edited added the content of open learning to my collection

I understand that LeMill encourages Open Education Resourses and I like that. But I was a little bit nervous because I needed a lot of time and Patience to acquire with this site and I didn’t finish yet as I have to explore the four parts of this site completely which are Content,Method,tools and community. I liked to be introduced to something new but I didn’t like to search randomly and rapidly to finish my job. I will finish my trip later after I submit this plog. 

Open Education Projects(week1, 3nd post)

March 7, 2008

I visited these sites and was astonished at the great diversity of knowledge which I found.   I beleive that every one could benefite if he got used to these sites and I am looking now after my favorite subject which is life and science which I found in open content initiative. I liked also the methods of connexion and the tools mentioned in LeMille

Open Educational Resources: What they are and why do they matter? (week1, 2nd post)

March 7, 2008

I agree with this report because I beleive that people are affected with what they see and watch through media more that with other traditional methods.Besides, learning should be made free and open in order to be accessed by the rich and the poor alike

about me

March 5, 2008

Hello all

I am glad to be with you in this course. My name is Noura and I live in Syria/Homs. I work as an administrative worker in Al-Baath University and is interested in gender and social issues. I wish to benefit of  this course in my attempt to contribute to social development in my country